The Russian Revolution

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The Russian Revolution: The Rise of the Soviet Union

Table of contents:
1. Introduction ……………………………………………………………….. P.2-3 2. I - The February Revolution……………………………………………….. P.4 3. II- The October Revolution………………………………………………… P.5-6 4. Important Figures’ backgrounds ……………………………………………P.7-11 5. Animal Farm………………………………………………………………... P.12-13 6. Results? ......................................................................................................... P.14-15 7. Works Cited ……………………………………………………………….. P.16

Introduction
The Russian Revolution of 1917 was an incredibly significant event in the midst of all global reforms to date. It was also commonly identified as ‘The Bolshevik Revolution’ and took place throughout the conclusive phase of World War I, where it in fact removed Russia from the war itself. A revolution is commonly defined as a fundamental change in a country’s social, political and economic structures, whereby its position in the international community is transformed, as well as, acknowledged by other countries. This, in practice, is precisely the conversion that Russia went through in becoming the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) instead of an empire; hence, substituting Russia’s traditional monarchy with the world’s first Communist state. What is particularly interesting about this revolution is that it saw drastic results in a very short amount of time, in addition to the fact that it was implemented within two different stages. Naturally, before discussing the actual happenings of the revolution itself, some light must be shed on the reasons as to why it occurred in the first place. Russia initially was under Tsarian rule before the events of 1917; the succession timeline was as follows: Alexander I Nicholas I (1825) Alexander II (1861) Alexander III (1881)Nicholas II (1894-1917) In 1913, Tsar Nicholas II celebrated the anniversary of Romanov rule in Russia. He and his dynasty reigned over a gigantic kingdom, extending from central Europe to the Pacific Ocean and from the Arctic to the edges of Afghanistan. Nevertheless, the Russian Empire was divided by various clashes in perspective. Just five years after the festivities, Nicholas and his family would be deceased, executed by the Bolsheviks. The downfall of the Tsarian rule was not a surprise by any means; throughout the timeline mentioned above, many uprisings, especially the Decembrist revolution, were on going as a result of continuous repression on reform and revolutionary groups. For example, the revolution in 1905, when revolts and uprisings had forced the Tsar to grant civil rights and a parliament to the Russian people also played a part in further weakening the empire’s rule, not to mention the country's political and economic problems that were caused by the war (WW1). Various factors, including the militarization of production and catastrophes in food resources, meant drastic threats and disaster on the home front.

I - The February Revolution
The main event of the February revolution was that the Provisional Government was established. During a large protest of women workers in February 1917, the czar's officials called out the army to get rid of the protesters. However, what happened was that the women persuaded the soldiers to put their guns away and assist them in their cause. The result was Czar Nicholas II being overthrown. The Provisional Government was established to replace the void left by the deposed czar and it was made up of mostly Duma members. This provisional government was made up of bankers, lawyers, capitalists, and industrialists. The provisional government was very weak and failed to live up to its promise of ending Russia's involvement in the war. They kept Russia in the war and made matters worse for themselves and for Russia. Nevertheless, the Provisional Government did respond by establishing a Coalition Government with the Executive Committee of the Petrograd Soviet...
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